The hospitality sector is not all gloomy for every country. The 2 stocks that I have which have direct exposure in the hospitality industry are Ascendas Hospitality Trust and CDL Hospitality Trust. Ascendas hTrust was bought quite long ago back in 2014. It has been providing me a dividend yield of about 7.5% for the past few years and price has gone up as well. Its main business is in Australia with 56% of its net property income coming from there. The rest are from Singapore (12%), Japan (24%) and China (8%).
CDL Hospitality Trust on the other hand was bought quite recently in December 2016. It is giving about 7% dividend. This is a different investment as its main income comes from Singapore (62%) with the rest from Australia (10%), New Zealand (10%), Maldives (8%), UK (6%) and Japan (4%). Investing in CDL hTrust is a different strategy which I will explain more in this post.
Understand more about the hospitality industry
Before we go into the investment opportunities in the hospitality industry, it is crucial to understand what has happened and is happening in the industry. The hospitality industry is a broad category of fields within service industry that includes lodging, event planning, theme parks, transportation, cruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry. In this article we will focus more on lodging which is all about hotels and serviced residences.
As mentioned earlier, CDL hTrust has most of its business in Singapore. Some of the hotels they own are Orchard Hotel, Grand Copthorne Waterfront Hotel, M Hotel, Copthorne King's Hotel, Studio M Hotel and Novotel Singapore Clarke Quay. Sounds familiar to you?
|GRAND COPTHORNE WATERFRONT HOTEL|
Oversupply of hotel rooms in Singapore
The current gloom is partly due to the oversupply of hotel rooms in Singapore. An estimated 2610 more rooms were added in 2016 and it is expected that 3767 more rooms will be added in 2017. This means that the hotels business is expected to remain competitive in 2017. However, hotel rooms supply will slow down in 2018 with only 69 more expected rooms. I read that it is harder to get a license to start a hotel business in Singapore now and the government is also controlling the number of hotel rooms supply moving forward in 2018.
|Hotel Room Supply|
Visitors Arrival in Singapore
Visitors arrival is crucial for the hospitality industry in Singapore. The more visitors, the more revenue for the hotels. Visitors arrival is still stable with about 1.36 Million tourist in Singapore in Feb 17. Visitors arrival have grown 5.1% for the past 9 years but have stagnant since 2014.
Revenue per Available Room (RevPAR)
RevPAR is a key indicator in the hotel industry to gauge the average hotel room rates in Singapore. It is similar to the rental rates we see for the property market. An improvement in the RevPAR signals the recovery of the industry. A higher RevPAR also means the hotels are able to make more revenue per room they have. Its like you have a property and you can rent out for a higher price.
RevPAR for CDL hTrust has decreased -8.6% in FY16 as compared to FY15. RevPAR for the whole hotel industry in Singapore is on a decline mainly due to the oversupply of hotel rooms. With the oversupply tapering off in 2018, we should see some recovery in the RevPAR as well.
Initiatives by Singapore Tourism Board (STB) and Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI)
If you've been reading the news, there has been many new initiatives by STB to attract more tourists to come to Singapore. Singapore Tourism Board (STB) and The Walt Disney Company Southeast Asia (Disney) announced a three-year collaboration, aimed at providing unique and fun experiences themed around Disney’s biggest brands and most popular stories and characters. As part of the collaboration, locals and visitors to Singapore will be entertained with a range of exciting experiential activities starting with Star Wars, followed by Marvel and Disney Animation/Disney Pixar themes in 2018 and 2019 respectively.
Also, MTI announced a Hotel industry transformation map to transform the hotel industry for sustainable growth. Four strategies were identified which are, building manpower-lean business models; developing new solutions through innovation; growing businesses through internationalisation; and building a strong pipeline of quality talent.
Lastly, Changi Airport is expanding with the new Terminal 4 opening this year and the new Terminal 5 which is still works in progress. A new Jewel at Changi will also be opening in early 2019. All these will attract more visitors into Singapore and boost the hotel industry greatly.
Stocks which are in the hospitality industry
Now, after understanding about the hospitality industry, let's look at some stocks which are in this business. These may be good investments when this sector recovers. I'm looking particularly at stocks which have more exposure to the hospitality industry in Singapore as it is the worst hit now and possibly will be the best when it recovers.
CDL Hospitality Trust
The first stock is CDL hospitality trust. Below is the 3 years chart of CDL hTrust where we see there was a sharp drop in 2015. The stock price seems to be recovering recently. Now, the dividend yield is about 6%+ with Price to book ratio at 0.96. Its NAV is at $1.55. At current price, it is not considered too cheap. I invested in this stock last year December when it was around PB of 0.80. Will not be planning to add more at current price unless it goes down again.
With 62% of its business in Singapore, CDL hTrust will definitely benefit if there was a strong recovery in the hospitality sector here. As at 31 December 2016, its gearing ratio is 36.8% with 61% of its loans on fixed rate. This is quite normal for a trust and aligned to other hospitality companies listed here.
RevPAR for the Singapore hotels has dropped 8.6% in 2016 as compared to 2015 with occupancy rate at 85.4%. Occupancy rate was higher at 87.7% in 2015.
Far East Hospitality Trust
Another stock which has its main business in Singapore is Far East Hospitality Trust. In fact, it has all its hotels in Singapore which is quite concentrated and may pose a risk if Singapore's hospitality industry does not do well.
Some of the hotels they own are Orchard Parade Hotel, Rendezvous Hotel, The Elizabeth Hotel, Village hotel in Changi, Bugis, Albert court and some others. They also have serviced residences called village residences located in Clarke Quay, Hougang, Robertson Quay and also the Regency house.
|Rendezvous Hotel owned by Far East Hospitality TrustImage Credit: https://www.tripadvisor.com.sg/Hotel_Review-g294265-d299606-Reviews-Rendezvous_Hotel_Singapore_by_Far_East_Hospitality-Singapore.html|
For the hotels segment, RevPAR declined 5.3% in FY 2016 as compared to FY 2015 but however, its occupancy rate actually increased marginally by 1.6pp to 87%. For serviced residences, RevPAU was 5.8% lower and average occupancy decreased 2.0pp to 85%. Overall, it DPS decreased 5.9% in 2016 which still shows continued weakness in their business.
Its gearing ratio is at 32.1% which is not too high and aligned to other companies in the hospitality industry. 71% of its loans are on fixed rate. A large part of its loans has been refinanced to 4 year and 7 year loans which is a good thing.
It is currently doing asset enhancement to its Orchard Parade hotel and also constructing Village hotel in Sentosa which is expected to complete in 2019. I do not own stocks in Far East hTrust currently but will be looking to buy some soon.
Is this a good time to invest in the Hospitality industry in Singapore?
With hotel supplies in Singapore beginning to taper off in 2018 and visitor arrivals still growing, I would expect occupancy rate to increase and possibly RevPAR to increase as well should it recover. Furthermore, with all the initiatives by the Singapore government, I think there would be a high chance to see some recovery in the hospitality sector next year.
Investing in this sector may take some patience to realise its value. As investors, we want to invest in the companies during bad times to anticipate better times ahead. In the worse case scenario, it may not recover and the wait could be even longer. Most importantly, we will invest when the stocks are undervalued with some margin of safety to manage risk better.
Let's see what happens to this industry in the future.
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